History of Rajkot
Rajkot was founded by Thakur Saheb Vibhaji Ajoji Jadeja of the Jadeja clan and Raju Sandhi in 1612 AD, in the middle of Saurashtra. Rajkot was named in honour of its co-founder, Raju Sandhi.
Masum Khan conquered Rajkot in the year 1720 AD. He was a deputy Faujdar of Junagadh’s Nawab. Masum Khan changed the name of Rajkot to Masumabad. The three storied clock towers was built during this period.
Masumabad was later conquered by the Jadeja clan and its name was restored to Rajkot. It was then merged into Republic of India during Pradumansinh’s Jadeja’s reign.
British East India company founded the Saurashtra agency in Rajkot to moderate all princely states. The regional headquarters and residency of this agency was at Kothi Compound. British constructed many impressive colonial buildings and educational institutions, such as Connaught Hall and The Rajkumar College.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, A.K.A Mahatma Gandhi, spent early years of his life in Rajkot when his father was a Diwan to the king of Rajkot. Gandhi fasted to ask to form a people’s council and liberation of people of Rajkot at Rashtriya Shala in 1939.
After independence Rajkot became capital of the State of Saurashtra, headed by U.N.Dhebar as Chief Minister. Rajkot was the capital of the then Saurashtra state from April 15, 1948 to October 31, 1956 before merging in bilingual Bombay State on November 1, 1956. Rajkot was merged into Gujarat State from bilingual Bombay state on May 1, 1960. Rajkot was merged into the newly-created Gujarat State when it was separated from the bilingual Bombay State on May 1, 1960.
Present Day Rajkot
Rajkot is the 4th largest city in the state of Gujarat, India and the biggest city in Saurashtra region. Rajkot is the 28th urban agglomeration in India, with a population more than 1.43 million as per 2008 census. Rajkot is ranked 22nd in the world’s fastest growing cities and urban areas from 2006 to 2020.
Rajkot is the administrative headquarters of the Rajkot District, located on the banks of the Aji and Nyari River.
Rajkot was once the capital of the princely state of Saurashtra. Today it is best known as the town where Mahatma Gandhi spent the early years of his life when his father was a Diwan or Prime Minister to the king of Saurashtra.
Rajkot has not just rich heritage and history attached with its name but it is one of the fastest growing cities today in India and world over. It is a vibrant city with many tourist attractions like temples, mosques, churches, historical monuments, museums, parks and gardens, malls, cinemas, multiplexes, theater, shopping centers, site seeing places, zoo and many other places to visit. People visiting any nearby cities, tourist attractions, pilgrimage places prefer to halt in Rajkot.